An understanding of the facial and oral anatomy with its associated osseous and neurovascular structures is essential to the implant surgeon. During treatment planning and implant surgery, certain critical landmarks and boundaries must be respected. The anatomy of the maxilla and mandible is complex, and the implant surgeon should also keep in mind that many variations exist between individuals. This Learning Pathway reviews the basic anatomy of the facial and oral region and provides an overview of the important structures involved in implant dentistry in the average adult patient. It also offers patient case examples where the relevance of these important structures is demonstrated in a clinical context.
On completion of this Learning Pathway you should be able to:
describe the osseous structures of the maxilla
describe the osseous structures of the mandible
list the vascular structures of the maxilla and mandible
list the neural structures of the maxilla and mandible
describe clinical relevance of these structures in different patient case examples