Following tooth loss, alveolar resorption and ongoing pneumatization of the maxillary sinus may lead to vertical and horizontal bone deficits in the posterior maxilla.
This deficit reduces the distance between the maxillary sinus floor and the alveolar process, so that reconstructing the vertical bone height by means of a sinus floor elevation procedure may be a prerequisite for placement of dental implants of the correct dimensions and in the ideal three-dimensional positions in order to achieve optimal functional and esthetic treatment outcomes while respecting relevant anatomical structures.
After completing this ITI Academy Module, you should be able to…
list the indications for the lateral SFE technique
describe the surgical treatment concept and steps for the lateral SFE technique and assess the prognosis of this procedure
discuss the grafting materials used in lateral SFE and the indications for use of membranes