Case

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Immediate Flapless Placement of an Implant in a Maxillary Right Second Premolar Site

Mario Roccuzzo

This 22-year-old female patient, a light smoker, came to the office in January 2007 because of a fracture of the endodontically treated tooth 15. The fracture had been caused by severe decay. The periapical radiograph revealed the full extent of the loss of tooth substance. The amount of healthy dentine was not sufficient for a stump preparation for a conventional crown due to the extent of decay and due to the fact that the fracture line extended below the bone level. Therefore, the patient was offered the following treatment options: Extraction of tooth 15 and gap closure with a conventional tooth-supported bridge, Orthodontic extrusion of tooth 15 and subsequent cementation of a conventional single crown and Extraction of tooth 15 and replacement by a dental implant.
Surgical SAC classification
Advanced
Prosthodontic SAC classification
Straightforward
Source
Treatment Guide 3
Purchase price
10 Academy Coins
CPD/CME
0.15 hours
Publication date: Jan 11, 2015 Last review date: Apr 10, 2021 Next review date: Apr 10, 2021

General information

Case Type Single-Tooth Space
Jaw Maxilla
Area Posterior
# of Teeth 1
# of Implants 1
Type of Implants One-Piece
Attachment One-Piece
Bone Augmentation Simultaneous
Augmentation Materials Xenogenous
Guided Surgery No
Soft Tissue Grafting None
Abutment Type Standard
Prosthesis Type FDP

Esthetic Risk Assessment

Esthetic Risk Factors Low Medium High
Medical Status Healthy Compromised
Smoking Habit Non-smoker Light smoker (< 10 cigarettes per day) Heavy smoker (≥ 10 cigarettes per day)
Patient's Esthetic Expectations Low Medium High
Lip Line No exposure of papillae Exposure of papillae Full exposure of mucosa margin
Periodontal Phenotype Low-scalloped, thick Medium-scalloped, medium-thick High-scalloped, thin
Shape of Tooth Crowns Rectangular Triangular
Infection at Implant Site None Chronic Acute
Bone Level at Adjacent Teeth ≤ 5 mm to contact point 5.5 to 6.5 mm to contact point > 7 mm to contact point
Prosthodontic Status of Neighboring Teeth Virgin Restored
Width of Edentulous Span 1 tooth (≥ 7 mm) 1 tooth (< 7 mm) 2 teeth or more
Soft Tissue Anatomy Intact Defective
Bone Volume Horizontally and vertically sufficient Horizontally deficient Deficient vertically or deficient vertically AND horizontally
  • * General SAC assessment modifiers that are also part of the ERA. To avoid redundancy they are listed in this section even if no complete ERA has been made.

  • ** Not applicable to the ERA of immediate placement cases and replaced by "Socket Integrity" listed below under "Surgical SAC Classification". For all other placement types this value is a classification determinant and listed here even if no complete ERA has been made.

Surgical SAC classification

SAC Level Advanced
Defining Characteristics One missing tooth to be replaced by an implant-borne prosthesis
Modality -
Placement Protocol Immediate implant placement
Tooth Site Maxillary premolar
Socket Morphology Multi-root socket
Socket Integrity Sufficient, with intact bone walls
Bone Volume Sufficient, with intact walls
Anatomic Risk Low
Esthetic Risk Medium
Complexity Moderate
Risk of Complications Moderate

Prosthodontic SAC classification

SAC Level Straightforward
Defining Characteristics One missing tooth to be replaced by an implant-borne crown
Loading Protocol Immediate
Retention Cemented, with prosthesis margin < 3mm submucosal Cemented, with prosthesis margin < 3mm submucosal
Maxillomandibular Relationship -
Mesio-Distal Space Anatomic space corresponding to the missing tooth +/- 1 mm
Inter-Arch Distance Ideal tooth height +/- 1 mm
Bruxism Absent
Esthetic Risk Medium
Provisional Implant-Supported Prosthesis Prosthodontic margin < 3 mm apical to mucosal margin Prosthodontic margin < 3 mm apical to mucosal margin
Interim Prosthesis during Healing - -
Occlusion/Articulation -
Occlusal Scheme/Issues -

Surgical SAC Modifiers

Periodontal Status Healthy

Prosthodontic SAC Modifiers

Soft Tissue Contour and Volume Ideal

General SAC Modifiers

Oral Hygiene and Compliance Good
Access Adequate
Craniofacial/Skeletal Growth Completed

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