Case

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Immediate Flapless Placement of an Implant in a Maxillary Right Lateral Incisor Site

Robert Nieberler

This 43-year-old male patient, a non-smoker, came to our practice because of a fracture of tooth 12 caused by a bicycle accident. Due to the combined para- and infrabony crown and root fracture, tooth extraction, and subsequent implant placement were suggested to the patient as the therapy of choice. The patient had high esthetic expectations with regard to the treatment outcome and asked for an immediate fixed provisional restoration. His individual esthetic risk profile summed up to a medium esthetic risk.

General information

Case Type Single-Tooth Space
Jaw Maxilla
Area Anterior
# of Teeth 1
# of Implants 1
Type of Implants Two-Piece
Attachment Two-Piece
Bone Augmentation No
Augmentation Materials -
Guided Surgery No
Soft Tissue Grafting None
Abutment Type CAD/CAM
Prosthesis Type FDP

Esthetic Risk Assessment

Esthetic Risk Factors Low Medium High
Medical Status Healthy Compromised
Smoking Habit Non-smoker Light smoker (< 10 cigarettes per day) Heavy smoker (≥ 10 cigarettes per day)
Patient's Esthetic Expectations Low Medium High
Lip Line No exposure of papillae Exposure of papillae Full exposure of mucosa margin
Periodontal Phenotype Low-scalloped, thick Medium-scalloped, medium-thick High-scalloped, thin
Shape of Tooth Crowns Rectangular Triangular
Infection at Implant Site None Chronic Acute
Bone Level at Adjacent Teeth ≤ 5 mm to contact point 5.5 to 6.5 mm to contact point > 7 mm to contact point
Prosthodontic Status of Neighboring Teeth Virgin Restored
Width of Edentulous Span 1 tooth (≥ 7 mm) 1 tooth (< 7 mm) 2 teeth or more
Soft Tissue Anatomy Intact Defective
Bone Volume Horizontally and vertically sufficient Horizontally deficient Deficient vertically or deficient vertically AND horizontally
  • * General SAC assessment modifiers that are also part of the ERA. To avoid redundancy they are listed in this section even if no complete ERA has been made.

  • ** Not applicable to the ERA of immediate placement cases and replaced by "Socket Integrity" listed below under "Surgical SAC Classification". For all other placement types this value is a classification determinant and listed here even if no complete ERA has been made.

Surgical SAC classification

SAC Level Complex
Defining Characteristics One missing tooth to be replaced by an implant-borne prosthesis
Modality -
Placement Protocol Immediate implant placement
Tooth Site Maxillary incisor or canine
Socket Morphology Single-root socket
Socket Integrity Sufficient, with intact bone walls
Bone Volume Sufficient, with intact walls
Anatomic Risk Low
Esthetic Risk Medium
Complexity Moderate
Risk of Complications High

Prosthodontic SAC classification

SAC Level Advanced
Defining Characteristics One missing tooth to be replaced by an implant-borne crown
Loading Protocol Immediate
Retention Screw-retained Screw-retained
Maxillomandibular Relationship Angle Class I and III
Mesio-Distal Space Symmetry +/- 1 mm of contra-lateral tooth
Inter-Arch Distance -
Bruxism -
Esthetic Risk Medium
Provisional Implant-Supported Prosthesis Prosthodontic margin > 3 mm apical to mucosal margin Prosthodontic margin > 3 mm apical to mucosal margin
Interim Prosthesis during Healing - -
Occlusion/Articulation -
Occlusal Scheme/Issues -

Surgical SAC Modifiers

Periodontal Status Healthy

Prosthodontic SAC Modifiers

Soft Tissue Contour and Volume Ideal

General SAC Modifiers

Oral Hygiene and Compliance Good
Access Adequate
Craniofacial/Skeletal Growth Completed

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